Human, animal and bacterial DNA all contain overlapping genes. “Overlapping gene” means that a working gene on one strand of DNA is the backwards version of the “message” (the gene) on the other strand. Both strands contain working genes that given instruction on how to make necessary parts of the human body. Here’s an article with more detail about that. (1)
An overlapping gene is like a palindrome. A palindrome is a sentence that reads backwards and forwards the same way. These genes don’t even have to read the same backwards and forward; they just need to make sense backwards and forward (the technical name for that is a semordnilap; they seem even hard to make long than conventional palindromes). It’s pretty easy to make a small palindrome, like this:
A man a plan a canal Panama.
A man a plan a canal Panama.
When you read it backward, it makes sense (sort of). But it is nearly impossible to write longer ones that make sense with a clear message when read backwards. Search for yourself online for “world’s longest palindrome that makes sense”. I couldn’t find ones longer than 250 words. (2) Even what I could see of that one seemed somewhat a stretch to understand. Of course, people have written much longer ones, but they make no sense at all (3) (4)!
Back to our genes. Now our bodies have 51 genes with overlapping strands of DNA that BOTH code for working (“coding”) genes (that means they make sense), and the bodies of mice have 28, according to our reseachers: (1)
Moreover, there are only 51 genes (51/615 = 8.3%) and 28 genes (28/497 = 5.6%) that involve exon-exon overlaps on opposite strands in human and mouse, respectively.
There are even more overlapping genes, if you count the regulatory DNA in between coding segments (5). Counting all of the overlapping different-strand regulatory and coding genes together, we have a total of 438 overlapping genes. (6) How big are these overlaps? Our authors tell us that 57% of the overlapping genes are longer than 1000 “letters” (nucleotides). This would be 250 overlapping genes that are over 1000 letters long, including 40 longer than 10,000 letters and 20 longer than 20,000 letters (7).
Think about this! Expert palindromists don’t seem to be able to write palindromes that make sense longer than 250 words. But here we have in our own DNA 250 “semordnilaps” (palindromes that say something different, but make sense, when you read them backwards) longer than 1000 letters, including 43 longer than 10,000 letters and 22 longer than 20,000 letters (7).
This is a persuasive indication that our overlapping genes, and the rest of our DNA, didn’t come from random mutations, but was carefully coded.
To arrive at the statistics I just showed you, look at Table 2 in the previously referenced article and note that there are a total of 438 human different strand (diverging and converging) overlapping genes. We ignore the embedded genes, because evolutionists have easy explanations for how they arrived there. Now look at figure 1. The article explains how to read the graph (1):
For example, ~43% of the overlap regions of different-strand overlaps are shorter than 1 kb, whereas less than 2% of the overlap regions of same-strand overlaps are shorter than 1 kb.
This means that 57% of the overlap regions of different-strand overlaps are longer than 1 kb.
According to the graph, 90% of overlapping divergent genes had overlaps less than 10,000 base pairs long. (We are using divergent numbers to apply to both divergent and convergent, which will give us a underestimated result.) This means that 10% of the genes were longer than 10,000 base pairs. According to Table 2, there are a total of 438 human different-strand (diverging and converging) overlapping genes. 10% of 438 would be about 43 different-strand overlapping genes longer than 10,000 base pairs.
In the same way, the graph shows that 95% of divergent different-strand overlapping genes were less than 20,000 base pairs. This means that 5% of them were 20,000 base pairs or more. 5% of 438 is about 22.
the findings were similar in mice and humans.